CHECKLIST OF THE LICHENS OF ARKANSAS

Fungi
Ascomycetes
Lecanoromycetes
Lecanorales
Lichinaceae
Ephebe Fr.
Ephebe americana Henss.
Ephebe lanata (L.) Vain.
Ephebe solida Born
Collemataceae
Collema callibotrys Tuck.
Collema conglomeratu Hoffm.
Collema cyrtaspis Tuck. Moulded Pulp Lichen
Collema flaccidum (Ach.) Ach.
Collema furfuraceum (Am.) Du Rietz
Collema leptaleum (Tuck.) Warty Bat's Wing Lichen
Collema nigrescens (Huds.) DC. Bat's Wing Lichen
Collema ryssoleum (Tuck.) Schneid.
Collema subflaccidum Degel.
Collema subfurvum (Mull. Arg.) Degel
Collema tenax (Sw. Ach.) Sticky Lichen
Leptogium austroame ricanum (Malme) Dodge
Leptogium burnetiae Dodge
Leptogium chloromelum (Sw. ex Ach.) Nyl. Hemp Lichen
Leptogium corticola (Tayl.) Tuck
Leptogium cyanescens (Ach.) Korb.
Leptogium hirsutum Sierk
Leptogium juniperinum Tuck. Juniper Lichen
Leptogium lichenoides (L.) Zahlbr.
Leptogium milligranum Sierk
Leptogium sinuaturn (Huds.) Mass.
Heppiaceae
Heppia lutosa (Ach.) Nyl.
Placythiaceae
Placynthium nigrum (Huds.) S. Gray Indigo Lichen
Coccocarpiaceae
Coccocarpis cronia Tuck.
Coccocarpis parmelioides (Hook.) Tuck. ex Curt.
Coccocarpis pellita (Ach.) Mull. Arg. Shell Lichen
Pannariaceae
Pannaria conoplea (Ach.) Bory
Pannaria pityrea (DC) Degel.
Pannaria crossophylla (Tuck.) Merr. & Brunh. Sparrow-down Lichen
Pannaria leucophaea (Vahl.) Jorg.
Pannaria leucosticta (Tuck.) Tuci. ex Nyl. White-dotted Shadow
Pannaria lurida (Mont.) Nyl. Wrinkled Shadow Lichen
Pannaria rubiginosa (Thunb. ex Ach.) Del.
Pannaria tavaresii Jorg.
Peltigeraceae
Peltigera canina (L.) Willd. Dog Lichen
Peltigera elizabethae Gyel.
Peltigera evansiana Gyel.
Peltigera horizontalis (Huds.) Baumg. Flat Dog Lichen
Peltigera malacea (Ach.) Funck
Peltigera polydactyla (Neck.) Hoffm.
Peltigera praetextata (Florke ex Somm.) Vain.
Peltigera rufescens (Weis.) Humb.
Peltigera canina (L.) Willd.
Peltigera canina var. rufescens (Weis.) Mudd.
Nephromataceae
Nephroma helveticum Ach. Swiss Lichen
Stictaceae
Lobaria erosa (Eschw. Nyl.)
Lobaria quercizans Michx.
Lobaria ravenelii (Tuck.) Yoshim.
Pseudocyphellaria aurata (Ach.) Vain.
Sticta weigelin (Ach.) Vain. Weigel's Leather Lichen
Gyalectaceae
Coenogonium interplexum Nyl.
Lecideaceae
Lecidea albocaerulescens (Wulf.) Ach. Pearl Button Lichen
Lecidea decipiens (Hedw.) Ach. White-edged Scale Lichen
Psora decipiens (Ach.) Hoffm.
Lecidea icterica (Mont.) Tayl Yellow Scale Lichen
Psora icterica (Mont.) Mull. Arg.
Lecidea rubiformis (Wahlenb. ex Ach.) Wahlenb.
Psora rubiformis (Wahl.) Hook.
Lecidea rufonigra (Tuck.) Nyl.
Psora rufonigra (Nyl.) Schneid.
Lecidea russellii Tuck. Russell's Lichen
Psora russellii (Tuck.) Schneid.
Lecidea scalaris (Ach.) Ach.
Baeomycetaceae
Baeornyces absolutus Tuck.
Cladoniaceae
Cladina arbuscula (Walbr.) Hale & Culb.
Cladonia arbuscula (Walbr.) Rabenb.
Cladina rangiferina (L.) Harm.
Cladonia rangiferina (L.) Web. if. crispata Coem.
Cladina subtenuis (Abb.) Hale & Culb.
Cladonia subtenuis (Abb.) Evans
Cladonia apodocarpa Robb. Stalkless Sod Lichen
Cladonia bacillaris (Ach.) Nyl. Smaller Pin Lichen
Cladonia boryi Tuck. Bory's Lichen
Cladonia caespiticia (Pers.) Florke Bank Lichen
Cladonia calycantha Nyl. Slender Ladder Lichen
Cladonia capitata (Michx.) Spreng.
Cladonia cariosa (Ach.) Spreng.
Cladonia caroliniana Schewin ex Tuck. Carolina Lichen
Cladonia chlorophaea (Florke ex Somm.) Spreng. Mealy Goblet Lichen
Cladonia clavulifera Vain.
Cladonia coniocraea (Florke) Spreng. Powder-horn Lichen
Cladonia conista (Ach.) Robb. Smooth Goblet Lichen
Cladonia cristatella Tuck Red Crest Lichen; British Soldiers
Cladonia cryptochlorophaea Asah.
Cladonia didyma (Fee) Vain. Frost Lichen
Cladonia dimorphoclada Robbins
Cladonia fimbriata (L.) Fr. Trumpet Lichen
Cladonia furcata (Huds.) Schrad. Forked Shrublet Lichen
Cladonia grayi Merr. ex Sandst.
Cladonia leporina Fr. Rabbit Lichen
Cladonia rnacilenta Hoffm. White Pin Lichen
Cladonia major (Hag.) Sandst.
Cladonia mateocyatha Robb. Smaller Spoon Lichen
Cladonia parasitica (Hoffm.) Hoffm.
Cladonia delicata (Ehrh.) Florke
Cladonia piedmontensis Merr. Piedmont Lichen
Cladonia pityrea (Florke) Fr. Bran Lichen
Cladonia pyxidata (L.) Hoffm.
Cladonia pleurota (Florke) Schaer. Red-tipped Goblet Lichen
Cladonia polycarpia Merr.
Cladonia polycarpoides Nyl.
Cladonia robbinsii Evans
Cladonia squamosa (Scop.) Hoffm. Funnel Lichen
Cladonia strepsilis (Ach.) Vain Twisted Lichen
Cladonia subcariosa Nyl. Peg Lichen
Cladonia subrangiformis Sandst.
Cladonia unciallis (L.) Wigg Thorn Lichen
Cladonia verticillata (Hoffm.) Schaer. Ladder Lichen
Pycnothelia papillaria (Ehrh.) Duf.
Cladonia papillaria (Ehrh.) Hoffm.
Pertusariaceae
Pertusaria globularis (Ach.) Tuck. Nub Lichen
Pertusaria leioplaca (Ach.) DC.
Pertusaria multipuncta (Turn.) Nyl. Mealy Knob Lichen
Pertusaria pertusa (L.) Tuck. Potato Lichen
Pertusaria velata (Turn.) Nyl. Veiled Knob Lichen
Acarosporaceae
Acarospora chlorophana (Wahlemb. ex Ach.) Mass.
Acarospora citrina (Tavl. Zahlbr.) Yellow Chip Lichen
Sarcogyne similis Magn.
Lecanoraceae
Lecanora caesiorubella Ach.
Lecanora chrysoleuca (Sm.) Ach.
Lecanora rubina (Vill.) Ach.
Lecanora cinerea (L.) Somm. Ashen Stud Lichen
Lecanora cupressi Tuck. Cypress Stud Lichen
Lecanora gibbosula Magn. Warty Stud Lichen
Lecanora gibbosa (Ach.) Nyl.
Lecanora rnuralis (Schrab.) Ach.
Lecanora subfusca (L.) Ach. Common Stud Lichen
Lecanora tesselina (Tuck.) Zahlbr.
Lecidea tesselina Tuck.
Lecanora varia (Ehrh.) Ach. Greenish Stud Lichen
Ochrolechia pallescens (L.) Mass. White Crottles
Ochrolechia parella (L.) Mass.
Ochrolechia tartarea (L.) Mass. Cudbear
Rhizoplaca chrysoleuca (Sm.) Leuck, & Poelt
Candelariaceae
Candelaria concolor (Dicks.) B. Stein Lemon Lichen
Candelaria fibrosa (Fr.) Mull. Arg. Bristly Lemon Lichen
Parmeliaceae
Hypotrachyna livida (Tayl.) Hale
Bulbothrix goebelii (Zenk.) Hale
Cetraria fendleri (Nyl.) Tuck. Fendler Shield Lichens
Cetraria juniperina (L.) Ach. Cedar Lichen
Cetraria viridis Schwein.
Cetraria juniperina L. Ach.
Cetraria juniperina var. virescens Tuck.
Parrnelia livida Tayl.
Hypotrachyna pustulifera (Hale) Hale
Hypotrachyna formosana (Zahlbr.) Hale
Parmelia formosana Zahlbr.
Parmelia bolliana Mull. Arg.
Parmelia borreri Turn. Borrer Shield Lichen
Parmelia conspersa (Ehrh.) Ach. Boulder Lichen
Parmelia exasperata DeNot.
Parmelia hypomelaena Hale
Parmelia mexicana Gyel.
Parmelia perreticulata (Ras.) Hale
Parmelia rudecta (Ach.) Rough Shield Lichen
Parmelia saxatilis (L.) Ach. Stane-raw
Parmelia squarrosa Hale
Parmelia subrudecta Nyl.
Parmelia dubia (Wulf.) Schaer.
Parmelia sulcata Tayl. Furrowed Shield Lichen
Parmelina aurulenta (Tuck.) Hale Lumpy Linden Lichen
Parmelia aurulenta Tuck.
Parmelina dissecta (Nyl.) Hale
Parmelia dissecta (Nyl.)
Parmelia hubrichtii Berry
Parmelina galbina (Ach.) Hale
Parmelia galbina Ach.
Parmelia subquercifolia Hue.
Parmelina horrescens (Tayl.) Hale
Parmelia horrescens Tayl.
Parmelina obsessa (Ach.) Hale
Parmelia obsessa Ach.
Parmelia finkii Zahlbr.
Parmeliopsis halei (Tuck.) Hale
Parmotrema austrosinense (Zahlbr.) Hale
Parmotrema cetratum (Ach.) Hale Frilled Shield Lichen
Parmelia cetrata Ach.
Parmotrema crinitrum (Ach.) Choisy Granulated Shield Lichen
Parmelia crinita Ach.
Parmotrema eurysacum (Hue) Hale
Parmelia eurysaca Hue
Parmotrema hypotropum (Nyl.) Hale Bleached Lichen
Parmelia hypotropa Nyl.
Parmotrema madagascariaceum (Hue) Hale
Parmelia madagascariacea (Hue) des Abb.
Parmotrema margaritatum (Hue) Hale
Parmelia margaritata Hue
Parmotrema mellissii (Dodge) Hale
Parmelia mellissii Dodge
Parmotrema mamichauxianum (Zahlbr.) Hale
Parmelia mamichauxiana Zahlbr.
Parmelia epiclada Hale
Parmotrema perforatum (Jacq.) Mass Ragged Shield Lichen
Parmelia erecta Berry
Parmelia hypotropoides Nyl. ex Willey
Parmelia perforata (Jacq.) Ach.
Parmotrema reticulatum (Tayl.) Choisy
Parmelia reticulata Tayl.
Parmotrema subisidiosum (Mull. Arg.) Hale
Parmotrema subtinctorium (Zahlbr.) Hale
Parmelia subtinctoria Zahlbr.
Parmotrema tinctorum (Nyl.) Hale
Parmelia tinctorum Despr.
Parmotrema ultralucens (Krog.) Hale
Parmelia subcrinita Nyl.
Parmotrema xanthinum (Mull. Arg.) Hale
Parmelia xanthina (Mull. Arg.) Vain.
Pseudoparmelia baltimorensis (Gyel. & For.) Hale
Parmelia baltimorensis
Pseudoparmelia caperata (L.) Hale Wrinkled Shield Lichen
Parmelia caperata (L.) Ach.
Pseudoparmelia caroliniana (Nyl.) Hale
Parmelia caroliniana Nyl.
Pseudoparmelia crozalsiana (Lesd.) Hale
Pseudoparmelia texana (Tuck.) Hale
Parmelia texana Tuck.
Xanthoparmelia conspersa (Ach.) Hale
Parmelia conspersa (Ach.) Ach.
Parmelia insidiata (Anzi) Gyel.
Parmelia insidiosa (Mull. Arg.) Hale
Xanthoparmelia cumberlandia (Gyel.) Hale
Parmelia cumberlandia (Gyel.) Hale
Xanthoparmelia hyposila (Mull. Arg.) Hale
Parmelia hyposila Mull. Arg.
Xanthoparmelia plittii (Gyel.) Hale
Xanthoparmelia subramigera (Gyel.) Hale
Parmelia subramigera Gyel.
Xanthoparmelia taractica (Kremplh.) Hale
Parmelia taractica Kremp.
Parmelia stenophylla (Ach.) Heug
Xanthoparmelia tasmanica (Hook. & Tayl.) Hale
Parmelia tasmanica Hook. & Tayl.
Anziaceae
Anzia colpodes (Ach.) Stizenb. Black-paw Lichen
Usneaceae
Usnea antillarum (Vain.) Zahlbr.
Usnea ceratina Ach.
Usnea comosa (Ach.) Roh.
Usnea subfloridana Stirt.
Usnea florida (L.) Wigg. Flowering Lichen
Usnea herrei Hale
Usnea mutabilis Stirt.
Usnea rubicunda Stirt.
Usnea rubiginea (Michx.) Mass.
Usnea strigosa (Ach.) A. Eat.
Usnea trichodea Ach. Hair Lichen
Ramalinaceae
Ramalina americana Hale Dense Twig Lichen
Ramalina fastigiata (Pers.) Ach.
Ramalina intermedia (Del. ex Nyl.) Nyl.
Buelliaceae
Buellia aethalea (Ach.) Th. Fr.
Buellia stillingiana J. Stein.
Dimeiaena oreina (Ach.) Norm.
Rinodina oreina (Ach.) Mass.
Physciaceae
Anaptychia palmatula (Michx.) Vain.
Dirinaria frostii (Tuck.) Hale & W. Culb.
Heterodermia albicans (Pers.) Swinse & Krog
Anaptychia ravenelii (Tuck.) Zahlbr.
Heterodermia casarettiana (Mass.) Trev.
Heterodermia echinata (Tayl.) W. Culb.
Anaptychia echinata (Tayl.) Kurok.
Heterodermia galactophylla Trev.
Anaptychia comosa (Eschw.) Trev.
Heterodermia granulifera (Ach.) W. Culb.
Anaptychia granulifera (Ach.) Mass.
Heterodermia hypoleuca (Muhl.) Trev. Fig Lichen
Anaptychia hypoleuca (Muhl.) Vain.
Heterodermia obscurata (Nyl.) Trev.
Anaptychia obscurata (Nyl.) Vain.
Heterodermia speciosa (Wulf.) Trev. Plume Lichen
Anaptychia speciosa (Wulf.) Mass.
Phaeophyscia adiastola (Essl.) Essl.
Physicia adiastola
Physcia orbicularis (Neck.) Poetsch
Phaeophyscia cernohorskyi (Nadv.) Essl.
Phaeophyscia ciliata (Hoffm.) Moberg Fringed Blister Lichen
Physcia ciliata (Hoffm.) Du Rietz
Phaeophyscia constipata (Norrl.) Moberg
Physcia constipata (Nyl.) Norrl. & Nyl.
Phaeophyscia hirtella Essl.
Phaeophyscia imbricata (Vain.) Essl.
Physcia lancinulata Mull. Arg.
Phaeophyscia pusilloides (Zahlbr.) Essl.
Physcia pusilloides
Phaeophyscia rubropulchra (Degel.) Moberg
Physcia rubropulchra
Physcia aipolia (Ehrh.) Hame Goat Lichen
Physcia americana Merr.
Physcia tribacoides Nyl.
Physcia chloantha Ach.
Physcia halei Thoms.
Physcia millegrana Degel.
Physcia tribacia (Ach.) Nyl.
Physcia phaea (Tuck.) Thoms.
Physcia stellaris (L.) Nyl. Gray Star Lichen
Physcia subtilis Degel.
Physciopsis adglutinata (Flk.) Choisy
Physciopsis syncolla (Tuck.) Poelt
Physcia syncolla Tuck.
Physconia detersa (Nyl.) Poelt
Physcia grisea (Lam.) Zahlbr.
Physconia enteroxantha (Nyl.) Poelt
Pyxine caesiopruinosa (Nyl.) Imsh.
Pyxine sorediata (Ach.) Mont. Spotted Blister Lichen
Teloschistaceae
Caloplaca cinnabarina (Ach.) A. Zahlbr. Cinnabar Lichens
Caloplaca flavovirescens (Wulf.) Dalla Torre & Sarnth.
Teloschistes chrysopthalmus (L.) Th. Fr.
Xanthoria candelaria (L.) Th. Fr. Flame Lichen
Xanthoria elegans (Ling) Th. Fr.
Xanthoria fallax (llepp) Arn.
Ostropales
Graphidaceae
Graphis scripta (L.) Ach. Common Script Lichen
Sphaeriales
Verrucariaceae
Dermatocarpon fluviatile (C. Web.) Th. Fr.
Dermatocarpon lachneum (Ach.) A. L. Sm.
Dermatocarpon miniatum (L.) Mann.
Dermatocarpon tuckermanii (Rv.) Zahlbr.
Dermatocarpon arboreum (Schwein.) Fink
Normandina pulchella (Borr.) Nyl. Confetti Lichen
Loculoascomycetidae
Pleosporales
Arthophreniaceae
Trypethelium mastoideum Ach.
Trypethelium tropicum (Ach.) Mull. Arg.
Trypethelium virens Tuck. Greenish Wax Lichen

Fungi Imperfecta
Lepraria Ach.
Lepraria flava Ach. Moore, 1959
Lepraria membranacea (Dicks.) Vain
Crocynia membranacea (Dicks.) Zahlbr. Moore, 1959

(EXCLUDED NAMES)
Physcia pulverulenta (Schreb.) Hampe
Hale, 1969 indicated an eastern range, including Arkansas. This taxon is now Physconia pulverulenta (Schreb.) Poelt, a western species, while the eastern collections have been identified as Anaptychia palmatula (Michx.) Vain.

Parmelia belliana Mull. Arg.
Moore, 1965 This species is, of course, parmelia bolliana Mull. Arg.

This systematic synopsis follows Hale and Culberson (1970).

Source: Moore, Jewel E. 1981, Systematic synopsis of the lichens of Arkansas. Original contribution.

Literature cited:
BERRY, EDWARD C. 1941. A monograph of the genus Parmelia in North America, North of Mexico. Ann. Mo. Bot. Gard. 28:31-146.
CUIZBERSON, WILLIAM LOUIS. 1969. The Chemistry and systematics of some species of the cladonia cariosa group in North America. The Bryologist 72(3):377-386.
CULBERSON, WILLIAM LOUIS, AND MASON E. HALE, JR. 1965. Pyxine caesipruinosa in the United States. The Bryologist 68(l):113-116.
EVANS, ALEXANDER W. 1944. On Cladonia polycarpia Merrill. The Bryologist 47(2) :49-56.
FINK, BRUCE. 1935. Lichen Flora of United States. The University of Michigan Press. Ann Arbor.
HALE, MASON E., JR. 1955. Xanthoparmelia in North America I. The Parmelia conspersa-stenophylla group. Torrey Bot. Club 82(l):9-21.
HALE, MASON E., JR. 1956. A note of Lichenes Americana Exsiccati, Fascicle I. The Bryologist 59(1): 41-43.
HALE, JASON E., JR. ‘1957. Cortiolous lichen flora of the Ozark Mountains. Trans. Kansas Academy Science 60(2): 155-160.
HALE, MASON E., JR. 1958. The occurrence of Parmelia formosana in North America. Castanea 23(3): 89-90.
HALE MASON E., JR. 1954. The Parmelia conspersagroup in North America and Europe. The Bryologist 67(4): 462-473.
HALE, MASON E., JR. 1967. New taxa in Cetraria, Parmelia and Parmeliopsis. The Bryologist. 70(4): 414-422.
HALE, MASON E., JR. 1969. How to know the lichens. William C. Brown Co., Dubuque, Iowa.
HALE, MASON E., JR. 1978. A new species of Ramalina in North America. (Lichenes: Ramalinaceae) The Bryologist 81(4): 599-602.
HALE, MASON E., JR. 1979. How to know the lichens, 2nd. ed. William C. Brown, Co., Dubuque, Iowa.
HALE, MASON E., JR. AND WILLIAM LOUIS CULBERSON. 1970. A fourth checklist of the lichens of the Continental United States and Canada. The Bryologist 73(3): 499-543.
HERRE, ALBERT W.C.T. 1945. Some Arkansas lichens. The Bryologist 48(2): 85-90.
HOWARD, GRACE E. 1970. The lichen genus Ochrolechia in North America, North of Mexico. The bryologist 73(1): 93-130.
IMSHAUG, H.A. 1957. The lichen gunus Pyxine in North and Middle America. Trans. Amer. Microsp. Soc. 76: 246-269.
JOHNSON, GEORGE T. 1979. Three species of Trypethelium new to Arkansas. Proc. Ark. Acad. Aci. 33: 82-83.
JORDON, WILLIAM PAUL. 1973. The genus Lobaria in North America, North of Mexico. The Bryologist 76(2): 225-251.
MOORE, JEWEL E. 1939. Lichens of Arkansas collected by Jewel E. Moore and identified by Mason E. Hale, Museum No. 217286, reported by U. S. National Museum.
MOORE, JEWEL E. 1965. A study of the vegetation of Petit Jean Mountain in central Arkansas. Castanea 30(1): 1-37.
MOORE, JEWEL E. 1975. Conway water supply: biological and archeological assessment of alternatives, Appendix D. ROBERT T. KIRKWOOD, Project Director. University of Central Arkansas, Conway. U. S. Corps of Engineers, Little Rock District.
MOORE, JEWEL E. 1979. Lichens of Arkansas I. A summary of current information. Proc. Ark. Acad. Sci. 33: 85-87.
MOORE, JEWEL E. 1981. Lichens of Arkansas II. Add.±tional state records. Paper to be presented at Ark. Acad. Sci. meeting at Little Rock, April 1981.
SIERK, HERBERT A. 1964. The genus Leptogium in North America, North of Mexico. The Bryologist 67(3): 245-317.
THOMSON, JOHN W. 1950. The species of Peltigera of North America, North of Mexico. Amer. Midl. Nat. 44: 1-68.
THOMSON, JOHN W. 1963. The lichen genus Physcia in North America. Nova Hedwigia Heft. 7. Verlag von J. Cramer, Weinheim, Germany.
THOMSON, JOHN N. 1967. The lichen genus Cladonia in North America. Univ. of Toronto Press, Toronto, Canada.
TUCKERMAN, EDWARD. 1882. Synopsis of North American lichens, Part I, in Collected Lichenological Papers in University of Central Arkansas library, Conway.

This list is to be cited as:
Moore, Jewel E. 1981. Checklist of the Lichens of Arkansas. Ark. Acad. of Science, Ark. Biota Survey Checklist No. 30. l5pp.

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