Checklist of the Birds Sighted In Arkansas

Animalia   Animals
Chordata   Chordates
Vertebrata   Vertebrates
Aves   Birds
Accipitriformes Hawks
Pandionidae    
Pandion haliaetus (Linnaeus) Osprey
Cathartidae   New World Vultures
Cathartes aura (Linnaeus) Turkey Vulture
Coragyps atratus (Bechstein) Black Vulture
Accipitridae   Eagles, Hawks, Kites
Accipiter cooperii (Bonaparte) Cooper's Hawk
Accipiter gentilis (Linnaeus) Northern Goshawk
Accipiter striatus Vieillot Sharp-shinned Hawk
Aquila chrysaetos (Linnaeus) Golden Eagle
Buteo jamaicensis (Gmelin) Red-tailed Hawk
Buteo lagopus (Pontoppidan) Rough-legged Hawk
Buteo lineatus (Gmelin) Red-shouldered Hawk
Buteo platypterus (Vieillot) Broad-winged Hawk
Buteo regalis (Gray) Ferruginous Hawk
Buteo swainsoni Bonaparte Swainson's Hawk
Circus cyaneus (Linnaeus) Northern Harrier
Elanoides forficatus (Linnaeus) American Swallow-tailed Kite
Elanus caeruleus (Desfontaines) Black-shouldered Kite
Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Linnaeus) Bald Eagle
Ictinia mississippiensis (Wilson) Mississippi Kite
Gaviiformes Loons
Gaviidae   Loons
Gavia immer (Brünnich) Common Loon
Gavia stellata (Pontoppidan) Red-throated Loon
Podicipediformes Grebes
Podicipedidae   Grebes
Aechmophorus occidentalis (Lawrence) Western Grebe
Podiceps auritus (Linnaeus) Horned Grebe
Podiceps grisegena (Boddaert) Red-necked Grebe
Podiceps nigricollis Brehm Eared Grebe
Podilymbus podiceps (Linnaeus) Pied-billed Grebe
Pelecaniformes Pelicans
Ardeidae   Herons and Bitterns
Ardea alba Linnaeus Great Egret
Ardea herodias Linnaeus Great Blue Heron
Botaurus lentiginosus (Rackett) American Bittern
Bubulcus ibis (Linaeus) Cattle Egret
Butorides striata (Linaeus) Green-backed Heron
Egretta caerulea (Linnaeus) Little Blue Heron
Egretta thula (Molina) Snowy Egret
Egretta tricolor (Muller) Tricolored Heron
Ixobrychus exilis (Gmelin) Least Bittern
Nyctanassa violacea (Linaeus) Yellow-crowned Night-Heron
Nycticorax nycticorax (Linaeus) Black-crowned Night-Heron
Pelecanidae   Pelicans
Pelecanus erythrorhynchos Gmelin American White Pelican
Pelecanus occidentalis Linnaeus Brown Pelican
Phalacrocoracidae   Cormorants
Phalacrocorax auritus (Lesson) Double-crested Cormorant
Threskiornithidae   Ibises and Spoonbills
Eudocimus albus (Linnaeus) White Ibis
Platalea ajaja (Linnaeus) Roseate Spoonbill
Plegadis chihi (Vieillot) White-faced Ibis
Plegadis falcinellus (Linnaeus) Glossy Ibis
Anhingidae   Anhingas
Anhinga anhinga (Linnaeus) Anhinga
Fregatidae   Frigatebirds
Fregata magnificens Matthews Magnificent Frigatebird
Ciconiiformes  
Ciconiidae   Storks
Mycteria americana Linnaeus Wood Stork
Anseriformes Ducks, Geese, Waterfowl
Anatidae   Swans, Geese, and Ducks
Aix sponsa (Linnaeus) Wood Duck
Anas acuta Linnaeus Northern Pintail
Anas americana Gmelin American Wigeon
Anas clypeata Linnaeus Northern Shoveler
Anas crecca Linnaeus Green-winged Teal
Anas cyanoptera Vieillot Cinnamon Teal
Anas discors Linnaeus Blue-winged Teal
Anas platyrhynchos Linnaeus Mallard
Anas querquedula Linnaeus Garganey
Anas rubripes Brewster American Black Duck
Anas strepera Linnaeus Gadwall
Anser albifrons (Scopoli) Greater White-fronted Goose
Aythya affinis (Eyton) Lesser Scaup
Aythya americana (Eyton) Redhead
Aythya collaris (Donovan) Ring-necked Duck
Aythya marila (Linnaeus) Greater Scaup
Aythya valisineria (Wilson) Canvasback
Branta canadensis (Linnaeus) Canada Goose
Bucephala albeola (Linnaeus) Bufflehead
Bucephala clangula (Linnaeus) Common Goldeneye
Chen caerulescens (Linnaeus) Snow Goose
Chen rossii (Cassin) Ross' Goose
Clangula hyemalis (Linnaeus) Oldsquaw
Cygnus buccinator Richardson Trumpeter Swan
Cygnus columbianus (Ord) Tundra Swan
Cygnus olor Gmelin Mute Swan
Dendrocygna autumnalis (Linnaeus) Black-bellied Whistling Duck
Dendrocygna bicolor (Vieillot) Fulvous Whistling Duck
Lophodytes cucullatus (Linnaeus) Hooded Merganser
Melanitta fusca (Linnaeus) White-winged Scoter
Melanitta nigra (Linnaeus) Black Scoter
Melanitta perspicillata (Linnaeus) Surf Scoter
Mergus merganser Linnaeus Common Merganser
Mergus serrator Linnaeus Red-breasted Merganser
Oxyura jamaicensis (Gmelin) Ruddy Duck
Falconiformes Falcons
Falconidae   Falcons
Falco columbarius Linnaeus Merlin
Falco mexicanus Schlegel Prairie Falcon
Falco peregrinus Tunstall Peregrine Falcon
Falco sparverius Linnaeus American Kestrel
Galliformes Fowls
Odontophoridae   Quails
Colinus virginianus (Linnaeus) Common Bobwhite
Phasianidae   Grouse, Turkeys
Tetraoninae   Grouse
Bonasa umbellus (Linnaeus) Ruffed Grouse
Tympanuchus cupido (Linnaeus) Greater Prairie-Chicken
Meleagridinae   Turkeys
Meleagris gallopavo Linnaeus Common Turkey
Gruiformes Cranes, Rails
Rallidae   Rails, Gallinules, and Coots
Coturnicops noveboracensis (Gmelin) Yellow Rail
Fulica americana Gmelin American Coot
Gallinula chloropus (Linnaeus) Common Moorhen
Laterallus jamaicensis (Gmelin) Black Rail
Porphyrio martinica (Linnaeus) Purple Gallinule
Porzana carolina (Linnaeus) Sora
Rallus elegans Audubon King Rail
Rallus limicola Vieillot Virginia Rail
Gruidae   Cranes
Grus americana (Linnaeus) Whooping Crane
Grus canadensis (Linnaeus) Sandhill Crane
Charadriiformes  
Stercorariidae    
Stercorarius longicaudus Vieillot Long-tailed Jaeger
Stercorarius parasiticus (Linnaeus) Parasitic Jaeger
Stercorarius pomarinus (Temminck) Pomarine Jaeger
Charadriidae   Plovers
Charadrius alexandrinus Linnaeus Snowy Plover
Charadrius melodus Ord Piping Plover
Charadrius montanus Townsend Mountain Plover
Charadrius semipalmatus Bonaparte Semipalmated Plover
Charadrius vociferus Linnaeus Killdeer
Charadrius wilsonia Ord Wilson's Plover
Pluvialis dominica (Müller) Lesser Golden-Plover
Pluvialis squatarola (Linnaeus) Black-bellied Plover
Recurvirostridae   Avocets, Stilts
Himantopus mexicanus (Müller) Black-necked Stilt
Recurvirostra americana Gmelin American Avocet
Scolopacidae   Sandpipers, Snipes, Turnstones, Woodcock
Actitis macularius (Linnaeus) Spotted Sandpiper
Arenaria interpres (Linnaeus) Ruddy Turnstone
Bartramia longicauda (Bechstein) Upland Sandpiper
Calidris alba (Pallas) Sanderling
Calidris alpina (Linnaeus) Dunlin
Calidris bairdii (Coues) Baird's Sandpiper
Calidris canutus (Linnaeus) Red Knot
Calidris fuscicollis (Vieillot) White-rumped Sandpiper
Calidris himantopus (Bonaparte) Stilt Sandpiper
Calidris maritima (Brünnich) Purple Sandpiper
Calidris mauri (Cabanis) Western Sandpiper
Calidris melanotos (Vieillot) Pectoral Sandpiper
Calidris minutilla (Vieillot) Least Sandpiper
Calidris pusilla (Linnaeus) Semipalmated Sandpiper
Gallinago gallinago (Linnaeus) Common Snipe
Limnodromus griseus (Gmelin) Short-billed Dowitcher
Limnodromus scolopaceus (Say) Long-billed Dowitcher
Limosa fedoa (Linnaeus) Marbled Godwit
Limosa haemastica (Linnaeus) Hudsonian Godwit
Numenius americanus Bechstein Long-billed Curlew
Numenius borealis (Forster) Eskimo Curlew
Numenius phaeopus (Linnaeus) Whimbrel
Phalaropus fulicarius (Linnaeus) Red Phalarope
Phalaropus lobatus (Linnaeus) Red-necked Phalarope
Phalaropus tricolor (Vieillot) Wilson's Phalarope
Philomachus pugnax (Linnaeus) Ruff
Scolopax minor Gmelin American Woodcock
Tringa flavipes (Gmelin) Lesser Yellowlegs
Tringa melanoleuca (Gmelin) Greater Yellowlegs
Tringa semipalmatus (Gmelin) Willet
Tringa solitaria Wilson Solitary Sandpiper
Tryngites subruficollis (Vieillot) Buff-breasted Sandpiper
Laridae   Gulls, Terns
Chilidonias niger (Linnaeus) Black Tern
Chroicocephalus philadelphia (Ord) Bonaparte's Gull
Hydrocoloeus minutus Pallas Little Gull
Hydroprogne caspia Pallas Caspian Tern
Larus argentatus Pontoppidan Herring Gull
Larus delawarensis Ord Ring-billed Gull
Larus hyperboreus Gunnerus Glaucous
Leucophaeus atricilla Linnaeus Laughing Gull
Leucophaeus pipixcan Wagler Franklin's Gull
Onychoprion anaethetus Scopoli Bridled Tern
Onychoprion fuscata Linnaeus Sooty Tern
Rissa tridactyla (Linnaeus) Black-legged Kittiwake
Rynchops niger Linnaeus Black Skimmer
Sterna forsteri Nuttall Forster's Tern
Sterna hirundo Linnaeus Common Tern
Sternula albifrons (Pallas) Least Tern
Thalasseus maximus Boddaert Royal Tern
Xema sabini (Sabine) Sabine's Gull
Alcidae   Murrelets
Brachyrhamphus marmoratus (Gmelin) Marbled Murrelet
Columbiformes Doves, Pigeons
Columbidae   Doves, Pigeons
Columbinae    
Columba livia Gmelin Rock Dove
Columbina inca (Lesson) Inca Dove
Columbina passerina (Linnaeus) Common Ground-Dove
Ectopistes migratorius (Linnaeus) Passenger Pigeon
Zenaida macroura (Linnaeus) Mourning Dove
Psittaciformes Parrots
Psittacidae   Parakeets, Parrots
Psittacinae    
Conuropsis carolinensis (Linnaeus) Carolina Parakeet
Cuculiformes Cuckoos
Cuculidae   Anis, Cuckoos, Roadrunners
Phaenicophaeinae   Cuckoos
Coccyzus americanus (Linnaeus) Yellow-billed Cuckoo
Coccyzus erythropthalmus (Wilson) Black-billed Cuckoo
Neomorphinae   Roadrunners
Geococcyx californianus (Lesson) Greater Roadrunner
Crotophaginae   Anis
Crotophaga sulcirostris Swainson Groove-billed Ani
Strigiformes Owls
Caprimulgidae   Goatsuckers, Nightjars
Caprimulginae    
Caprimulgus carolinensis Gmelin Chuck-will's-widow
Caprimulgus vociferus Wilson Whip-poor-will
Chordeilinae    
Chordeiles minor (Forster) Common Nighthawk
Tytonidae   Barn Owls
Tytoninae    
Tyto alba (Scopoli) Common Barn-Owl
Strigidae   Typical Owls
Asioninae    
Asio flammeus (Pontoppidan) Short-eared Owl
Asio otus (Linnaeus) Long-eared Owl
Striginae    
Bubo scandiacus (Linnaeus) Snowy Owl
Bubo virgianianus (Gmelin) Great Horned-Owl
Megascops asio (Linnaeus) Eastern Screech-Owl
Strix varia Barton Barred Owl
Surniinae    
Aegolius acadicus (Gmelin) Northern Saw-whet Owl
Athene cunicularia (Molina) Burrowing Owl
Apodiformes Hummingbirds, Swifts
Apodidae   Swifts
Apodinae    
Aeronautes saxatalis (Woodhouse) White-throated Swift
Chaetura pelagica (Linnaeus) Chimney Swift
Trochilidae   Hummingbirds
Trocholinae    
Archilochus colubris (Linnaeus) Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Colibri thalassinus (Swainson) Green Violet-ear
Selasphorus rufus (Gmelin) Rufous Hummingbird
Coraciiformes Kingfishers
Alcedinidae   Kingfishers
Cerylinae    
Ceryle alcyon (Linnaeus) Belted Kingfisher
Piciformes Woodpeckers
Picidae   Woodpeckers
Picinae    
Colaptes auratus (Linnaeus) Common Flicker
Dryocopus pileatus (Linnaeus) Pileated Woodpecker
Melanerpes carolinus (Linnaeus) Red-bellied Woodpecker
Melanerpes erythrocephalus (Linnaeus) Red-headed Woodpecker
Melanerpes lewis (Gray) Lewis' Woodpecker
Picoides borealis (Vieillot) Red-cockaded Woodpecker
Picoides pubescens (Linnaeus) Downy Woodpecker
Picoides villosus (Linnaeus) Hairy Woodpecker
Sphyrapicus varius (Linnaeus) Yellow-bellied Sapsucker
Passeriformes Perching Birds
Parulidae   New World Warblers
Dendroica caerulescens (Gmelin) Black-throated Blue Warbler
Dendroica castanea (Wilson) Bay-breasted Warbler
Dendroica cerulea (Wilson) Cerulean Warbler
Dendroica coronata (Linnaeus) Yellow-rumped Warbler
Dendroica discolor (Vieillot) Prairie Warbler
Dendroica dominica (Linnaeus) Yellow-throated Warbler
Dendroica fusca (Müller) Blackburnian Warbler
Dendroica magnolia (Wilson) Magnolia Warbler
Dendroica palmarum (Gmelin) Palm Warbler
Dendroica pensylvanica (Linnaeus) Chestnut-sided Warbler
Dendroica petechia (Linnaeus) Yellow Warbler
Dendroica pinus (Wilson) Pine Warbler
Dendroica striata (Forster) Blackpoll Warbler
Dendroica tigrina (Gmelin) Cape May Warbler
Dendroica virens (Townsend) Black-throated Green Warbler
Geothlypis trichas (Linnaeus) Common Yellowthroat
Helmitheros vermivorum (Gmelin) Worm-eating Warbler
Icteria virens (Linnaeus) Yellow-breasted Chat
Limnothlypis swainsonii (Audubon) Swainson's Warbler
Mniotilta varia (Linnaeus) Black-and-white Warbler
Oporornis agilis (Wilson) Connecticut Warbler
Oporornis formosus (Wilson) Kentucky Warbler
Oporornis philadelphia (Wilson) Mourning Warbler
Parula americana (Linnaeus) Northern Parula
Protonotaria citrea (Boddaert) Prothonotary Warbler
Seiurus aurocapilla (Linnaeus) Ovenbird
Seiurus motacilla (Vieillot) Louisiana Waterthrush
Seiurus noveboracensis (Gmelin) Northern Waterthrush
Setophaga ruticilla (Linnaeus) American Redstart
Vermivora bachmanii (Audubon) Bachman's Warbler
Vermivora celata (Say) Orange-crowned Warbler
Vermivora chrysoptera (Linnaeus) Golden-winged Warbler
Vermivora peregrina (Wilson) Tennessee Warbler
Vermivora pinus (Linnaeus) Blue-winged Warbler
Vermivora ruficapilla (Wilson) Nashville Warbler
Wilsonia canadensis (Linnaeus) Canada Warbler
Wilsonia citrina (Boddaert) Hooded Warbler
Wilsonia pusilla (Wilson) Wilson's Warbler
Tyrannidae   Pewees, Phoebes, Tyrant Flycatchers
Contopus cooperi (Swainson) Olive-sided Flycatcher
Contopus virens (Linnaeus) Eastern Wood Peewee
Empidonax alnorum Brewster Alder Flycatcher
Empidonax flaviventris (Baird & Baird) Yellow-bellied Flycatcher
Empidonax minimus (Baird & Baird) Least Flycatcher
Empidonax traillii (Audubon) Willow Flycatcher
Empidonax virescens (Vieillot) Acadian Flycatcher
Myiarchus crinitus (Linnaeus) Great Crested Flycatcher
Pyrocephalus rubinus (Boddaert) Vermilion Flycatcher
Sayornis phoebe (Latham) Eastern Phoebe
Sayornis saya (Bonaparte) Say's Phoebe
Tyrannus forficatus (Gmelin) Scissor-tailed Flycatcher
Tyrannus tyrannus (Linnaeus) Eastern Kingbird
Tyrannus verticalis Say Western Kingbird
Tyrannus vociferans Swainson Cassin's Kingbird
Alaudidae   Larks
Eremophila alpestris (Linnaeus) Horned Lark
Hirundinidae   Swallows
Hirundo pyrrhonota Vieillot Cliff Swallow
Hirundo rustica Linnaeus Barn Swallow
Progne subis (Linnaeus) Purple Martin
Riparia riparia (Linnaeus) Bank Swallow
Stelgidopteryx serripennis (Audubon) Northern Rough-winged Swallow
Tachycineta bicolor (Vieillot) Tree Swallow
Corvidae   Jays and Crows
Corvus brachyrhynchos Brehm American Crow
Corvus ossifragus Wilson Fish Crow
Cyanocitta cristata (Linnaeus) Blue Jay
Paridae   Chickadees and Titmice
Baeolophus bicolor (Linnaeus) Tufted Titmouse
Poecile carolinensis (Audubon) Carolina Chickadee
Sittidae   Nuthatches
Sitta canadensis Linnaeus Red-breasted Nuthatch
Sitta carolinensis Latham White-breasted Nuthatch
Sitta pusilla Latham Brown-headed Nuthatch
Certhiidae   Creepers
Certhia americana Bonaparte Brown Creeper
Troglodytidae   Wrens
Cistothorus palustris (Wilson) Marsh Wren
Cistothorus platensis (Latham) Sedge Wren
Salpinctes obsoletus (Say) Rock Wren
Thryomanes bewickii (Audubon) Bewick's Wren
Thryothorus ludovicianus (Latham) Carolina Wren
Troglodytes aedon Vieillot House Wren
Troglodytes troglodytes (Linnaeus) Winter Wren
Mimidae   Mockingbirds and Thrashers
Dumetella carolinensis (Linnaeus) Gray Catbird
Mimus polyglottos (Linnaeus) Northern Mockingbird
Oreoscoptes montanus (Townsend) Sage Thrasher
Toxostoma rufum (Linnaeus) Brown Thrasher
Turdidae   Thrushes
Catharus fuscescens (Stephens) Veery
Catharus guttatus (Pallas) Hermit Thrush
Catharus minimus (Lafresnaye) Gray-cheeked Thrush
Catharus ustulatus (Nuttall) Swainson's Thrush
Hylocichla mustelina (Gmelin) Wood Thrush
Myadestes townsendi (Audubon) Townsend's Solitaire
Sialia currucoides (Bechstein) Mountain Bluebird
Sialia sialis (Linnaeus) Eastern Bluebird
Turdus migratorius Linnaeus American Robin
Regulidae   Kinglets and Gnatcatchers
Regulus calendula (Linnaeus) Ruby-crowned Kinglet
Regulus satrapa Lichtenstein Golden-crowned Kinglet
Motacillidae   Pipits
Anthus spinoletta (Linnaeus) American Pipit
Anthus spragueii (Audubon) Sprague's Pipit
Bombycillidae   Waxwings
Bombycilla cedrorum Vieillot Cedar Waxwing
Bombycilla garrulus (Linnaeus) Bohemian Waxwing
Laniidae   Shrikes
Lanius ludovicianus Linnaeus Loggerhead Shrike
Sturnidae   Starlings
Sturnus vulgaris Linnaeus European Starling
Vireonidae   Vireos
Vireo bellii Audubon Bell's Vireo
Vireo flavifrons Vieillot Yellow-throated Vireo
Vireo gilvus (Vieillot) Warbling Vireo
Vireo griseus (Boddaert) White-eyed Vireo
Vireo olivaceus (Linnaeus) Red-eyed Vireo
Vireo philadelphicus (Cassin) Philadelphia Vireo
Vireo solitarius (Wilson) Solitary Vireo
Emberizidae    
Aimophila aestivalis (Lichtenstein) Bachman's Sparrow
Aimophila ruficeps (Cassin) Rufous-crowned Sparrow
Ammodramus caudacutus (Gmelin) Sharp-tailed Sparrow
Ammodramus henslowii (Audubon) Henslow's Sparrow
Ammodramus leconteii (Audubon) Le Conte's Sparrow
Ammodramus nelsoni (Gmelin) Nelson's Sparrow
Ammodramus savannarum (Gmelin) Grasshopper Sparrow
Calcarius lapponicus (Linnaeus) Lapland Longspur
Calcarius pictus (Swainson) Smith's Longspur
Carcarius ornatus (Townsend) Chestnut-collared Longspur
Chondestes grammacus (Say) Lark Sparrow
Junco hyemalis (Linnaeus) Dark-eyed Junco
Melospiza georgiana (Latham) Swamp Sparrow
Melospiza lincolniii (Audubon) Lincoln's Sparrow
Melospiza melodia (Wilson) Song Sparrow
Passerculus sandwichensis (Gmelin) Savannah Sparrow
Passerella iliaca (Merrem) Fox Sparrow
Pipilo erythrophthalmus (Linnaeus) Eastern Towhee
Plectrophenax nivalis (Linnaeus) Snow Bunting
Pooecetes gramineus (Gmelin) Vesper Sparrow
Spizella arborea (Wilson) American Tree Sparrow
Spizella pallida (Swainson) Clay-colored Sparrow
Spizella passerina (Bechstein) Chipping Sparrow
Spizella pusilla (Wilson) Field Sparrow
Zonotrichia albicollis (Gmelin) White-throated Sparrow
Zonotrichia leucophrys (Forster) White-crowned Sparrow
Zonotrichia querula (Nuttall) Harris' Sparrow
Icteridae   Blackbirds, Meadowlarks, Orioles
Agelaius phoeniceus (Linnaeus) Red-winged Blackbird
Dolichonyx oryzivorus (Linnaeus) Bobolink
Euphagus carolinus (Müller) Rusty Blackbird
Euphagus cyanocephalus (Wagler) Brewer's Blackbird
Icterus galbula (Linnaeus) Northern Oriole
Icterus spurius (Linnaeus) Orchard Oriole
Molothrus ater (Boddaert) Brown-headed Cowbird
Quiscalus mexicanus (Gmelin) Great-tailed Grackle
Quiscalus quiscula (Linnaeus) Common Grackle
Sturnella magna (Linnaeus) Eastern Meadowlark
Sturnella neglecta Audubon Western Meadowlark
Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus (Bonaparte) Yellow-headed Blackbird
Fringillidae   Finches
Carduelinae   Cardueline Finches
Carduelis flammea (Linnaeus) Common Redpoll
Carduelis pinus (Wilson) Pine Siskin
Carduelis psaltria (Say) Lesser Goldfinch
Carduelis tristis (Linnaeus) American Goldfinch
Carpodacus mexicanus (Müller) House Finch
Carpodacus purpureus (Gmellin) Purple Finch
Loxia curvirostra Linnaeus Red Crossbill
Loxia leucoptera Gmelin White-winged Crossbill
Pinicola enucleator (Linnaeus) Pine Grosbeak
Passeridae   Weaver Sparrows
Passer domesticus (Linnaeus) House Sparrow

Source:
James, Douglas 1986. Original contribution compiled from bird record files maintained by the Arkansas Audubon Society and from the publications on birds in Arkansas. (First compiled in 1982, revised In 1986).

Notes:
The nomenclature and taxonomic arrangement of the birds in the list follow the 6th edition of the American Ornithologists' Union Check-list of North American Birds published in 1983.

This checklist is to be cited as:
James, Douglas. 1986. Checklist of the Birds Sighted in Arkansas (2nd edition).
Ark. Acad. of Science, Ark. B iota Survey Checklist No. 33A.